The black stripe represents the dark past of Afghanistan, which includes the struggles and hardships that the country has endured throughout its history. The red stripe represents the bloodshed that the country has witnessed in its fight for independence and the valor of its people. The green stripe represents hope and prosperity for the future of the country.
The national emblem at the center of the Afghanistan flag symbolizes the country's commitment to Islam and its long-standing cultural heritage. The mosque with the pulpit represents faith and worship, while the flags on either side symbolize Afghanistan's long history of struggle and independence.
The design of the Afghanistan flag has gone through several changes over the years. The current design was officially adopted on August 19, 2013, by the Afghan government. The flag has a height-to-length ratio of 2:3, which means that the height of the flag is two-thirds the length of the flag.
Overall, the Afghanistan flag is a symbol of the country's past struggles, present aspirations, and future hopes. Its tri-color design and national emblem represent Afghanistan's commitment to Islam, its cultural heritage, and its independence.